According to the cameraman the autopsy was performed by "Dr Bronk" and "Dr Williams". Prof. Dr Detlev Bronk (1897-1975) was no surprise, since his name already appeared in the controversial "Majestic 12" documents. He was Chairman of the National Research Council, America's leading biophysicist and a member of the Advisory Committee of the Army, Air Force and of the Atomic Energy Commission-certainly a person to whom the supervision of an autopsy of this relevance could have been entrusted. After his death, all his papers and documents were preserved at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, of which he was President from 1953.25 Dr Bronk was a very methodical person, kept detailed diaries and all his correspondence, notes and dates. But when Bob Shell wanted to look through his papers and diaries for 1947, he learnt that, mysteriously enough, this is the only year for which all the records are missing. None of the friendly librarians could tell him what had happened to them or why they are still missing.26 Dr Williams might have been Dr Robert Parvin Williams (1891-1967), who was Special Assistant to the Surgeon General of the Army at Fort Monroe, Virginia. He was a Lt. Col. in 1947 and was promoted to Brig. General in 1949.27 Alone, the naming of Dr Williams-who was the right man in the right place for the task-indicates the cameraman had some inside knowledge.
Were the protagonists of the alien autopsy footage indeed pathologists or surgeons-or just actors? We asked the physicians who viewed the footage: Prof. Dr Ch. Milroy, University of Sheffield, UK: "Whilst the examination had features of a medically conducted examination, aspects suggest it was not conducted by an experienced pathologist, but rather by a surgeon."28
Prof. Dr M. J. Mihatsch, University of Basle, Switzerland: "I do not question the capability of the pathologist or surgeon who is working on the corpse."29 Prof. Cyril Wecht, American Academy of Forensic Sciences, USA: "(They) are either pathologists or surgeons who have performed a number of autopsies before."30 Prof. Pierluigi Baima Bollone, University of Turin, Italy: "Definitely surgeons, not pathologists...well-experienced."31 Prof. Jean Pierre, University of Paris, France: "The persons who performed the autopsy were certainly of the medical profession, if not experienced pathologists."32 Dr Carsten Nygren, Oslo, Norway: "These were surgeons doing the work, not pathologists."33 In fact, neither Prof. Bronk nor Dr Williams were pathologists: Bronk was a biophysicist and Williams a surgeon. Indeed, not one physician concluded they were actors or made any mistakes.
One point of criticism was the type of autopsy performed. Obviously it served the purpose of determining the cause of death rather than of learning more about an alien life-form. On the other hand, this is explainable by the circumstances under which the autopsy was performed. According to the cameraman, four living aliens were found at the crash site. One did not survive the recovery operation, the second and third died about four weeks later, and the fourth survived until May 1949. We do not know anything about the autopsy of the first creature, and it might very well have been that it was subjected to a 'big' scientific autopsy.
The cameraman filmed the second and third autopsies on 1st and 3rd July 1947, when the main concern might have been to find out the cause of their sudden deaths in order to find a way to keep alien no. 4 alive-unless they could establish communication and find out why these visitors had come to Earth. This was surely of a higher interest for the national defence forces than a scientific study of an alien life-form. Nevertheless, we assume that organs were taken for further study during the dissection. Furthermore, according to the cameraman, the fourth alien was autopsied scientifically in a medical theatre in Washington, DC, in the presence of leading scientists from the US, England and France.34
THE DEBRIS FOOTAGE
The Santilli footage showing metal samples was analysed by Dennis W. Murphy, who has an Academy of Science degree in marine diving technology and welding and has studied all types of metalwork. He concluded: "I have never seen anything that resembles the manufacturing techniques used in the construction of the I-beams in the Santilli debris footage. I know of no manufacturing process that could produce the multitude of details found on the I-beams." Murphy refused possibilities like milling ("When I look at the lettering I see precise rounds as part of the symbols. I do not think that you can do this with current milling machines..."), extrusion, rolling, casting, moulding ("against moulding...the apparent lack of weight for all the pieces..., the acute right-angles at the roots, the thinness of the flanges of the I-beam and the finely detailed definition of the raised symbols...", which could only be produced with metal of a high density which is much heavier than the indicated weight), and the use of foam-core paperboard ("the crystalline nature of the break in the broken beams, the reflectivity of the material in the break, the rigidity of the I-beams..." argue against this possibility, according to Murphy).
The nature of fractures, the flexible, light and highly reflective appearance of the I-beams baffled Murphy and brought him to the conclusion that, indeed, metal with an extremely fine, crystalline structure had been used, manufactured with an unknown technique.35 The same conclusion was drawn by Prof. Dr Malanga of the University of Pisa, Italy.36 Master Sergeant Bob Allen, USAF security coordinator at a top-secret research facility near Tonapah, Nevada, recognised the panels on the film: "The army came, after many years, to the conclusion that the beings had taken the boxes out with them because they were waiting to be picked up. Each panel was constructed for each of the ETs individually. They could be fitted into slots in various apparatus. The entire system-propulsion, navigation, everything-could be started and controlled by these panels. We tried it too, but our brain frequency was not fast enough to operate them." According to Allen, they were presented, together with other "alien hardware", every 10 years to the Lawrence Livermore Laboratories for examination as the basis of latest state-of-the-art science.37 This was confirmed by a USAF engineer, working for Sandia Laboratories in Albuquerque, who identified them as some kind of "biofeedback computers responding to neural impulses".38 "We learned how to feed information into them, but we were not able to get information out of them," he added.
Bill Uhouse, a mechanical design engineer who worked at the top-secret facility at Area 51 on the Nevada test site-where he allegedly worked with alien technology-identified them as "personal control panels. They served to communicate with the individual member of the crew and possibly to interact with a computer on board or, better, the steering unit. When the craft crashed, each crew member took his panel with him. Possibly they served as communication with a mother ship, which could locate and rescue them."39
When I first saw the hieroglyphs on the I-beams, I immediately recognised a similarity with the Greek and Phoenician alphabets. Indeed, both of them have a common origin and belong to the same 'family' as the many different Semitic alphabets-Aramaic, Sabaeic, Samaritan, Hebrew, Protocanaanitic, Nabataeic and Arabic-which all originate from the hieroglyphic alphabet, one of the four main groups of Egyptian hieroglyphs (the others being two- and three-syllable signs and ideograms).40 Interestingly enough, inscriptions which clearly belong to the same family of alphabets, but pre-date the Phoenician or even the Egyptian culture, have been found all over the world-in Peru (Ylo),41 Ecuador (Cuenca),42 Brazil (Piedra Pintada),43 France (Glozel, Maz d'Azil),44 on the Canary Islands,45 and elsewhere. Because of their similarity with the Phoenician alphabet, I call them "Proto-Phoenician". In this context I was able to decipher both I-beams and translate their inscriptions using languages from the same context and language families as the alphabets. They say: "DIREQH ELE/ECE" and "OSNI". "DIREQH" is related to the Hebrew "Derekh", meaning "way, path, journey". "ELE" could be a plural of "El", meaning "God", like the Hebrew "Elohim", and "ECE" is related to the Egyptian "ase", meaning "to introduce" or "to approach". So, depending on whether we read the second sign as a "lambda/lamed" or a "gamma/gimel", we can translate it alternatively (since we don't know the grammar) as "the journey of the gods", a prayer, like "Go with God", or "a journey to approach/ introduce". I translate "OSNI" as the Egyptian "asni", meaning "to make to open",46 either philosophically, as in "to open for a contact" or "to open the consciousness", or, in a practical sense, as in "Open here". But why would extraterrestrials speak and write like Phoenician, Hebrew or Egyptian? Maybe because it's the language of the gods, who introduced it on Earth. In fact, the ancient Egyptians believed their hieroglyphic system had been brought to them by Thoth or Tehuti, the God of Wisdom, one of the Neteru ("Watchers") who travelled in the celestial barks on the celestial Nile-the Milky Way.47 Is it a coincidence that the mathematical system of both ancient Sumer and Egypt was based on 12, when here we meet beings with 12 fingers? We find twelve-toed footprints on Anasazi petroglyphs in the Canyonlands of Utah, USA,48 and a twelve-fingered Sky Kachina in the tradition of the Laguna, Hopi and other Pueblo Indians.49 The Brazilian Ugha Mongulala believe their "Ancient Fathers", who came from the stars, had "six fingers and six toes as signs of their divine origin".50
ROSWELL OR SOCORRO?
Ray Santilli's claim that the film was "the Roswell footage" caused a lot of controversy, since none of the witnesses to the July 1947 UFO crash/retrieval event had confirmed either the bodies or the debris. Indeed, the corpses found in Roswell were smaller, more slender, and had four or five fingers, according to eyewitnesses.51 None ever mentioned six fingers. In any case, if the film were a fake, why did those responsible for it not care to read at least one of the many books on this subject or see the excellent TV mini-series, Roswell, by Paul Davies, as shown on Showtime? The very first information I got from Santilli about the source of the film made me wonder if it actually had anything to do with Roswell at all. Ray already insisted on 5th May 1995 that the autopsies had been filmed on 1st and 2nd July 1947, and that the recovery had taken place "in the beginning of June"-one month too early for Roswell. When I went to Roswell on 30th June 1995 to confront the eyewitnesses (including Robert Shirkey, Glenn Dennis and Frank Kaufmann) with the just-released stills from the film, I asked Santilli for details about the crash site. He could only tell me it was "about four-and-a-half hours away", "close to White Sands test site" and "an Apache reservation", and "at the northern shore of a small dry lake at the end of a small canyon". I asked him to call the cameraman to obtain more detailed instructions, which, indeed, he did. He said the crash site was "between Socorro" (Ray said "Sorocco") "and Magdalena". By the end of July 1995, Santilli released the full story of the cameraman who confirmed he had learnt of the crash on 1st June 1947-which dates the event back to the late hours of 31st May 1947. Date, location and everything we see on the film didn't fit with Roswell. Conclusion: it was a different event. The fact that the cameraman had been flown into Roswell and brought to the crash site by car, caused him to believe he'd been involved in "the Roswell incident" that he'd heard about-and Santilli believed him.
THE CRASH/RETRIEVAL SITE
Following the instructions given by the cameraman, I was able to find the small dry lake at the end of a canyon by following "the last dirt road before the (Magdalena) mountains". It was about 15 miles away from the White Sands Proving Grounds and the Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Resort, a former reservation. On the third visit to the site, Ted Loman was even able to find the ruins of a (railway) bridge mentioned by the cameraman. After we sent photographs to the cameraman, he was able to confirm the site. In September 1995 Santilli released the cameraman's drawings, enhanced by a graphic artist, showing the crash scene. Although the scenery in our photographs looked different, we found that, coming from the canyon, it looked exactly like it was in his drawings. Right where he drew the craft crashed into a cliff, we found an area, 20 metres in diameter, where someone had deliberately sizzled off the rock as if trying to remove traces. Above the dry lake bed we located an old mine. According to the New Mexico Office of Mining & Technology in Socorro it was a manganese mine, called "Niggerhead Mine", which was closed in 1938, reopened during the war when manganese was precious and needed, and closed down again in 1945. According to the cameraman, it was again reopened by the US Government (Department of the Interior), but with no further mining, on the very day the retrieval began: 1st June 1947.52 Mining operations were used as cover events for the Manhattan Project and maybe also here. Isn't the reopening of a mine a perfect excuse for moving in heavy equipment-cranes, flatbed trucks-and personnel, and cordoning off of an area?
An Air Accident Report, allegedly written by General Nathan Twining of the Air Materiel Command at Wright Field and published by the late Len Stringfield, mentions a "Flying Disc Aircraft found near White Sands Proving Grounds" at some time before 16th July 1947, the date of the report. Since the report covers the full technical evaluation of the craft, we can assume the crash happened at least one month beforehand, if not more.53 Stringfield quoted another witness, Major V. A. Postleweith of US Army Intelligence, who had seen a classified telex mentioning a disc crash "in the vicinity of the White Sands Proving Grounds".54
CRASH AND RETRIEVAL WITNESSES
We located several witnesses to a 'crash' that very day in question: 31st May 1947, in the evening hours. Fred Strozzi, a local rancher who lived just a few miles away from the crash site, claimed to have seen a meteorite "bigger than a basketball" falling during that time and in the area in question, according to Betty and Smoky Pound, another local rancher couple.55 Unfortunately, Strozzi passed away years ago, so we couldn't ask him for details. But the same 'meteorite' had also been seen by a group of Native American children of the Acoma tribe who went to school in Gallup, New Mexico. That day, 31st May-which one of them remembered quite clearly because it was just before her birthday-was a very hot day, so they played in the evening when it had cooled down. "Suddenly the whole sky was lit up as if it was daytime," one of them recalled. "In less than four seconds, a big ball of fire glided silently over our heads from left to right, i.e., northwest to southeast"-which is the direction of Socorro. "The light was so bright that we kids held our hands before our faces to protect our eyes."56 Two days later, most of the children had blisters on their hands and arms-"itchies" as they called them. We received a letter from the daughter of one of the witnesses and interviewed two others, one on the phone, the other on camera.57 A meteorite wouldn't cause blistering like this. According to the cameraman, when he moved in about 24 hours later, the crashed disc was still hot and there was the danger of a fire, so we can indeed assume that the craft was a 'fireball' when it crashed in the late hours of 31st May 1947.
Did the local newspapers cover the 'meteorite' sighting? Ted Loman tried to find out, and visited the office of the Socorro Chieftain. He was told that in the late 1960s a fire destroyed some of the papers and that, in fact, some were missing-those between 10th May and 15th June 1947. At the suggestion of the editorial assistant he spoke to, Ted tried at the library of the local mining university, where he found microfilms of all the issues of the paper-with the exception of those between 10th May and 15th June 1947. His attempt to find them in the Rio Grande Collection of the New Mexico State University at Las Cruces, New Mexico, was also unsuccessful. Bob Shell tried at the neighbouring town of Magdalena. Again, all papers from that period were missing. He was told, "You won't find them. I have been looking for them for years and nobody has them." He also tried at the Zimmerman Library of New Mexico, without success. According to the cameraman, the craft was delivered on the back of a flatbed truck to Wright Field, Ohio, by the middle of June 1947. A witness, Howard Marston, a civilian engineer who worked at a testing laboratory at Wright Field in the summer of 1947, claims he was present "when they brought in a disc... It was on the trailer of a truck, covered with tarpaulins. They unloaded it in a hangar. I saw it from a distance when they uncovered it. It was a metallic disc, about 30 to 40 feet in diameter," Marston told me when I interviewed him.58
WITNESSES TO THE FILM'S ORIGIN
We located four eyewitnesses who had seen footage from the same stock as the Santilli film in the possession of the US military and intelligence-a fact recently confirmed by USAF Capt. John McAndrews.59 Master Sgt Bob Allen was security coordinator at a top-secret test site near Tonapah, Nevada. When he was briefed for his work, he was shown films for about two-and-a-half hours. When he saw the Santilli film on TV he immediately recognised them as part of the same stock. "I saw three autopsies," he told me. "During one, Truman stood behind the glass screen in the autopsy room. He wore a surgeon's face-mask, but one could see it was Truman. After a few days the first one died, then the second. They said, 'Damn, they are dying like flies and we have to find out if they have any hostile intentions and what they are doing here. We must find a way to keep the fourth alive.' That's why the autopsies were done. The fourth extraterrestrial lived for another two years..."60 Sgt Clifford Stone, US Army, was stationed at Fort Ley, Virginia, in 1969. He was part of a Nuclear/Biological/Chemical Accident (NBC) Quick Reaction Team. He said, "My mission on that was to be the NBC NCO, the communications NCO. I had the opportunity to take our Lieutenant to Fort Belvoir, Virginia. At Fort Belvoir, myself and another person, a person from the Air Force, an airman, went to gallivant around and went up the stairs in an auditorium there, and we went into one room and sat down, and there was this plexiglass window down into the theatre...and they were watching down there what we believed to be trailers of science-fiction movies. "There were these common saucer-shaped UFOs, cigar-shaped UFOs...and you also had bodies. The airman and I went ahead and tried to figure out what movies these came from because we had an interest in SF... There were several types of bodies... When we did this, some people came in and told us to follow, in no uncertain terms." Both were arrested and underwent an "intensified debriefing" which took four nights and five days. "When I saw the Santilli tape, I saw the pictures first: they were haunting, because they took me back to this day in 1969, to these movies that they were watching. There were bodies that looked very, very, very close to that one. And there were alive ones, also. I have knowledge that there is footage within a tent. I have knowledge of a film with-if that is not Truman in the film, it is a very convincing double."61 On 26th June 1995, the British researcher Colin Andrews visited Ray Santilli in the presence of the Japanese researcher Johsen Takano, who advises the Japanese Government in UFO matters, and Dr Hoang-Yung Chiang of the National Research Centre for Biotechnology in Taipeh, Taiwan. Dr Hoang-Yung teaches at the Cultural University and the Medical University of Taipeh and, through his initiative, ufology is now officially recognised by the Taiwanese Government as a scientific discipline. After a private viewing, both Takano and Hoang-Yung told Andrews they had seen the film before: Johsen, when his government had requested UFO information from the US Government, which was then brought to Tokyo by a CIA courier; Hoang-Yung, when he had visited the CIA's headquarters in Langley, Virginia.62
While nobody has been able to present any proof that the Santilli autopsy footage was faked, we have some convincing indications that the film might very well be genuine. If it is a hoax, it is definitely the most ingenious fake of the century. Instead of continuing the polemic of the last year or so, serious UFO researchers should continue to evaluate the evidence and search for the truth, in what might turn out to be the most provocative proof yet that we are not alone in the Universe. About the Author:
Michael Hesemann is a cultural anthropologist and historian who studied at Göttingen University. He is a best-selling author and award-winning film producer, with expertise in frontier sciences and extraterrestrial phenomena. He lives in Düsseldorf, Germany. Since 1984, Hesemann has published and edited Magazin 2000, which comes out in German and Czech languages. His international best-sellers, UFOs: The Evidence, A Cosmic Connection and UFOs: A Secret Matter have been published in 14 countries, with a distribution of more than 500,000 copies. His latest book, Beyond Roswell (with Philip Mantle), on his investigation into the controversial alien autopsy footage, will be published towards the end of 1996 by Marlowe, New York. Michael Hesemann has produced several award-winning documentaries, such as UFOs: The Secret Evidence and UFOs: Secrets of the Black World, and has worked for TV programmes in Germany, Japan and the US. He has spoken at international conferences in 22 countries across five continents, at 30 universities, and at the United Nations. He is an associate member of the Society for Scientific Exploration.